What is male infertility?
Male infertility is a mans inability to produce any sperm or to produce sperm that is of adequate quality to fertilize a female egg, Male infertility is a factor in 40% of infertility cases. As per the WHO estimated 60 to 80 million couples worldwide currently suffer from infertility.
How common is male infertility
In an around 10-15% of total men are considered to be as infertile according to a research. In most cases, hormonal imbalance, genetical factors or blockage of sperm movement contributes to male infertility and a condition known as Azoospermia. How the testicles functions is one of the most common cause contributing to the male infertility. In an around 50% cases, the exact cause of the male infertility cannot be determined. Unhealthy Lifestyle and chronic health conditions can also be the cause of lack of sperm.
Causes of Male infertility
- Lumps in the testicles
- Small volume of fluid ejaculation
- Pain in the testicles
- Trouble ejaculating
- Small and hard testicles
Most cause of infertility are related to sperm ,As per the WHO Guidelines trained expert check sperm count ,motility, morphology, DFI ( DNA Fragmentation index), Hormone test.
Normal seminal parameter
|Semen Parameter||Lower reference limit|
|SPERM VOLUME||1.4 ml|
|SPERM CONCENTRETION||16 million/ml|
|TOTAL SPERM COUNT||39 million/ml|
|TOTAL MOTILITY (PR+NP %)||42%|
|SPERM PROGRESSIVE MOTILITY (PR)||30%|
( As Per the WHO Criteria 2020 )
Azoospermia means absence of sperm from the fluid ejaculated during orgasm (semen).
There are two types of azoospermia:
A) Obstructive Azoospermia
B) Non-Obstructive Azoospermia
Obstructive azoospermia (OA) is defined as the absence of spermatozoa in the ejaculate despite normal spermatogenesis.
Determination of hormone levels
(FSH, LH, testosterone)
Non‐obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is defined as no sperm in the ejaculate due to failure of spermatogenesis and is the most severe form of male infertility
Male infertility treatment
Male infertility divides into 3 parts
- Microsurgical vasovasostomy
- Rectal probe
- Electro ejaculation
- Penile vibratory stimulation
- Unknown causes
Male infertility the global health issue which has not been researched to truly understand its magnitude and prevalence this information provides insight in to where the greatest into fundamental etiology and treatment.
As a society we must reduce blockades from stigmas correlated with infertility due to devout and cultural beliefs
We must create a globally accepted social demographic calculation in order to acknowledge the generally and magnitude of male infertility.